Video Studio

Video and TV production Studio Equipment


A selection of the best video equipment for your TV (television) Radio, Radio vision studio or film studio



television production studio




TV production equipment list and broadcast studio equipment list:
In this page we would like to guide you through composing the perfect video studio package, in order for you to understand what equipment you may need and where to find it - and finally get your project started!




Summary



  1. What is a Television Studio?
  2. PTZ Cameras: What are they and why are they important?
  3. NDI technology
  4. List of Video Studio Equipment: What equipment do I need to set up my video studio?
  5. Further video studio equipment
  6. How many PTZ cameras and where to place them
  7. Summing up



What is a Television Studio?


A television studio, or television production studio, is an installation room specifically equipped for video productions: live, or pre-recorded (which then go into post-production).

A good television studio has several separate rooms, and members of staff communicate from one room to the other through the use of specific equipment (which is listed below).



PTZ Cameras: What are they and why are they important?


PTZ stands for: Pan, Tilt, Zoom - which means that PTZ cameras can move horizontally, vertically, and zoom in or out.

PTZ camera systems are becoming more and more popular and they are an essential part of video studio production nowadays.

This is mainly due to the fact that having a cameraman behind each tripod-stand or handheld camera is a very expensive procedure: since several PTZ cameras may be managed by one person only, this dramatically reduces the costs.

Modern TV reality shows - such as Big Brother - use about 30 PTZ cameras all managed and controlled remotely, from outside. It is a typical example of how PTZ cameras are employed: they are all hidden or placed at different heights and in different locations, and there are no operators to physically move and control them.

The same goes for Radio Studios. In this case though, you also need a Mixer and - when going live - a computer with a type of software that can manage it all: this type of software, this new technology, is called NDI.



What is NDI technology?


NDI is non other than the conversion of video camera signals to computer signals - ID - from a LAN network.

The NDI protocol was invented in the USA and it is a very efficient protocol, especially from a compression point of view: it can offer a very high quality.

There are two types of NDI. The NDI HX type, used by small cameras, has a small latency, while the Full NDI type has little to no latency - meaning there is no delay during data acquisition -, allowing you to do pretty much whatever you wish.



List of Video Studio Equipment


At TEKO Broadcast, we sell video studio equipment for all types of TV radios and radio vision studios.
We cover the whole range: from low-cost, budget equipment for those who are just starting out and can only spend a few thousand euros; to the best, top-quality equipment that will cost several thousand euros - even millions - to those who are ready to invest in a proper set-up.

Whatever your budget and ambitions or plans are, here is a list of the essential equipment for a Complete Video Studio Package:






Handheld Videocamera


JVC GY-HC550 handheld videocamera


You should have at least one handheld videocamera with its own incorporated directional microphone. This piece of equipment - with a trained operator behind it - allows the director a freedom of choice and of movement that is just not achievable with other types of cameras.

The camera can be mounted on a tripod, which can be in turn mounted on a dolly, so that it may be moved easily on wheels.




Bodypack Wireless microphone package


bodypack wireless microphone package, Sony


A radio system bodypack transmitter will give you great flexibility of movement and comfort while shooting, in comparison with the more traditional "wired mic".




Video Transmitter


videotransmitters, black


Video transmitters are designed to carry video and audio signals from one place to another.
They normally come in pairs: a transmitter, or "sender", which is connected to an input signal - for example, a CCTV camera or a television set -; and a receiver, which picks up the signal and sends it to a screen.

A good videotransmitter will be able to sustain wirless video transmission at a low latency and support connection to more than one receiver as well as monitoring of more than one mobile device.




Studio Prompter


studio prompter, Fortinge


Studio Prompters allow the radio journalist or presenter to read texts while looking into the camera.

The prompter is obviously managed by computer software.
A professional studio prompter should be able to support cameras of any size.




PTZ Cameras (with remote controller)


JVC ptz camera, black JVC remote controller for ptz camera, black


PTZ Network cameras, as we have seen, are robotized cameras which can be tilted, panned or zoomed via remote controller.

These types of cameras, mounted in different spots around the studio, allow the director to command a much wider perspective, usually giving indications to just one person in control of the camera systems.




Video Mixer/Switcher


Roland video mixer, black


A video mixer, or video switcher, is a very innovative piece of equipment, able to deal with any kind of signal - also from PC.
It is a multiformat switcher that allows you to manage live events - both face-to-face and in streaming - with the maximum flexibility.
It has several outputs, providing you with the possibility to add effects and transmit on displays, projectors and recorders.




Video Monitors


JVC GD-W232 monitor, black


To control the mixer, you also need monitors.
They should be able to support 1080p and they are normally of a good size (at least 23").




Studio Pro Recorder


Blackmagic Hyperdeck Studio HD Pro, color black


A Studio Pro Recorder is used to record the signal generated by the mixer. It allows you to record broadcast quality videos directly on your SD card or SSD media.
Good-quality broadcast deck recorders also give you the possibility to sync multiple units.




Wireless Transmitters


Hollyland Mars T1000 intercom system, black


An intercom system, or wirless transmitters, serves the purpose of connecting multiple people across several rooms or spaces. The director is the one who gets the most out of this piece of equipment, as he has the power to instruct - explaining what to do, what to capture, where to point the cameras, etc... - even those who are not at that moment in his visual field.

They are small and compact, perfect for any type of environment and able to cover a wide range of distances.
Their lithium batteries normally last for many hours, giving operators the chance to work all day on one cycle of charge only.

Wireless transmitters are brilliant tools when it comes to shooting television, film, or just video in general, as they offer extreme flexibility and adaptability.




Lighting Equipment


lighting equipment and chroma key for television studio


Lights play a very important role. Together with the green background, they allow for the projection of a Chroma Key, or green screen, that enables you to set any background you like with any of your images.

The main components of a proper lighting equipment package are:

  • Background wall holders kit;
  • Chromakey Background + green cloth;
  • ON-AIR fork illuminator;
  • LED bicolor DMX illuminator;
  • ON-AIR static aluminium light;
  • Wireless controllers and receivers;
  • Holding bars and arms.



Desk Microphones & Audio Equipment


Shure gooseneck desk microphone, black


For the audio part, you definitely need high-quality desk radio Microphones (gooseneck and cardiod condenser) with their own splitter antenna system - to be mounted in a rack.

Again, the elements that make up a proper audio equipment package are:

  • Cardioid condenser microphones;
  • Capsule for condenser microphone with cardioid polar diagram;
  • Microphone receiver with charger and antenna;
  • Active antenna splitter;
  • Adapters and mounting accessories;
  • Yamaha 20-channel mixing console.


Yamaha MG20 mixing console


All of this goes in a 20-channel Yamaha mixer console, which in turn sends the signal to two diffusers to create a proper, high-quality sound.

The mixer audio signals also enter the video mixer, so as to allow spoken and background sound while the video is playing: this final product is then processed by the video mixer/switcher output to ultimately be streamed.



What other important equipment do I need to properly set up my Video Studio?



To manage the different signals travelling through the network, you need to set up a LAN infrastructure with devices that support high-speed streaming - we're talking gigabits. This way, all the cameras will do anything you would like them to do when commanding them via a computer's control panel.

This allows you to do what a matrix once did: the cameras generate a video signal, which generally enters - through, say, 8 inputs and outputs - the video matrix, which, in turn, distributes it and manages each camera's input and output: thus controlling its movements and functions.

The matrix also manages the video mixer inputs, which then produce the final signal that is to be aired; alternatively, it can be recorded - in which case you need a set of recorders.

You also need to be able to visualise all this, so you need monitors. Visualising all the different types of sources is essential, especially for the director: he can actually see what is happening and give instructions accordingly, in order to achieve the intended result.

Managing the audio is also very important when you are streaming live. If you have several people in the studio, you need to record them all through microphones and consequently manage each audio signal.

External sources are also to be taken into account, and they are normally played from a video recorder or another computer, and stored on a server where any file can be picked out on command. This is called MAM: it is a server that manages an entire database of files, producing them upon query.

Adding to this, a playlist software - produced by DM or Axel among others - will allow you to create your own playlist timeline. These are also called Audio-Video playout, since they actually organise any audio or video file, including entire programs and commercials.



How many PTZ cameras and where to place them



So, how many cameras do I actually need on a Studio Set?


You need at least one or two cameras on a tripod stand - to be handled by a cameraman during the recording, following the director's instructions - and several PTZ cameras placed around the studio.



Where should I place my PTZ cameras?


You can place them in different spots and at different heights: some higher up, others lower down.
It also depends on whether there is an audience or not: in that case, you may think about using a rotating camera to move around the audience.



Could I use just one camera to move around the studio?


If you wish to move freely and safely around the studio with your camera, then you need a very high-quality PTZ camera - which is, of course, very expensive.

Generally, you need more than one camera - and they don't have to be top-quality. You first position and point each camera in the desired direction, to then control it through the mixer.

It is very important to bear in mind that trying to do everything with one piece of equipment means taking a great risk.
If that piece of equipment breaks down or just stops functioning while you are streaming, then there is nothing you can do and you're out. This is something that people often do not realize, and this is why having spare or extra components - extra chargers, spare batteries, more than one camera - could be vital to the success of your broadcasting.



To sum up, what is the necessary video equipment for a small Radio?


You definitely need a mixer.

Blackmagic makes budget mixers which provide you with many functionalities. ISO mixers, for example, even allow you to record all the channels at the same time.

Roland also makes good mixers at an affordable price - a few thousand euros. They work and perform very well.
An important feature of Roland mixers is that they will let you use the same Chroma Key (a green screen used for backgrounds) across multiple cameras while streaming - something you are definitely limited in with lower-budget mixers.

You also need a computer to manage the final SD encoded signal and control the streaming separately.

And, of course, you need cameras.

Some of the best names - hard to find right now - are Canon, Panasonic and Sony. JVC also makes good cameras.

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